This is a natural and historic region in the northeast of Spain. The main mountain ranges are the Pyrenees, the Prelitoral range, the Litoral range and the central flat lands. The climate is Mediterranean on the coast and continental in the interior.
This region is more notable for its industrialization than for its livestock breeding. Just as have been found in the central plains and the southeast of Spain, fragments of primitive cheese making utensils are abundant in Catalunya. Such items as a complete plate used as a colander and a ceramic vat were found in Tarragona and Lleida provinces.
In the Middle Ages, the transhumance was very important for the development of sheep breeding and the products derived from it.
Catalunya is possibly the region where artesian cheeses are being most promoted and in which they are most defended. It is the region with the most specialized shops. The most notable cheeses are those from de Arán, Brull, Llenguat, Llivia, Mato, Montsec, Recuit, Selva, Serrat, Tendre, Tronchón, Tupí, Corca, Plana de Vich or Garrotxa.